Humans belong to the vertebrate class, and the spine is a central region in the middle of the body. Our spine, which is described as the main pillar of the body, is the leading actor of many activities, from the existence of our body shape to our mobility. For this reason, struggling with spinal diseases means that there will be problems in our mobility as well as hereditary and acquired damages.
One of the most critical parts of the spine can be explained as the spinal cord. The spinal cord is one of our body's management systems and is the central point of all neural networks. The spine provides great protection throughout the body, starting from the spinal cord, as well as our mobility and all our actions, thanks to the spine. Therefore, when evaluated in terms of function, the spine, which is the most precious point of our body, is a very solid mechanism that is interlocked with parts called vertebrae. However, with various diseases, wear may occur in different parts of it, and as a result, there may be situations that make it difficult to move, especially nerve functions, and also create aesthetically unpleasant images.
What are the Causes of Spine Diseases?
Spinal diseases can be experienced later in some cases, and sometimes they can be experienced from birth. If it is congenital, it is not only an aesthetic problem, but a problem of not working at full capacity in the spine and the important organs around it. Of course, these problems can be encountered not always congenitally, but also in the growing period. Especially if there is a problem with the nerves that stimulate the muscles around the spine, the person will become hunched over time and become unable to stand upright. Finally, it is very likely that spinal diseases seen in elderly people, especially the nerve, muscle and bone groups that weaken due to age can cause problematic results. Since our spine is a mechanism that pulls the body throughout a lifetime, it is one of the areas most affected by age and old age. At the end of various problems such as wear, tear, calcification, processes such as hunching, loss of movement, painful complaints begin and daily activities become difficult.
Many spinal diseases that are not only related to age have swept the world today, especially the work done or long-term computer activities brought by the computer age that cause sitting disorders. People who are not conscious enough in their sitting, posture and lying positions are not aware that they are damaging their spine day by day. An example of this is the intensification of herniation in the lumbar and neck vertebrae.
The influence of external factors, accidents and traumas such as fractures can also cause various spinal diseases. Spinal diseases include many diseases such as spinal fractures, especially scoliosis, kyphosis and spondylolisthesis. These diseases are mostly treated with surgical interventions followed by physical therapy and rehabilitation applications.
What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis disease in the spine can be explained as the bending of the spine. This bending that develops in the chest and waist regions can also develop in parallel with kyphosis. Scoliosis is a disease that basically explains the side bending situations.
Scoliosis usually occurs at a young age. Although the factors in the formation of the disorder, which is known to start more frequently around the age of 10, in the adolescence period, it is thought to be caused by deficiencies in the mother's womb.
What is Kyphosis?
Kyphosis disease, which is mostly considered as hunchback, explains the forward bending in the spine, not side bending like scoliosis. Kyphosis, which mostly occurs in the thoracic vertebrae in the back, can also occur in different parts of the spine.
During the development of the disease, the loss of the rectangular shape of the vertebrae causes the appearance of a hunchback. If the disease is not treated, dangerous processes can occur.
What is Spondylolisthesis?
Our spine consists of durable vertebrae that are supported by various ligaments that connect to each other and lined up on top of each other. However, in spondylolisthesis disease, this overlapping flawless structure creates this disease, which is popularly known as lumbar slippage, when some vertebrae slide forward instead of advancing in parallel. With this shift, the spinal cord in the spine is compressed and symptoms such as pain and numbness in the legs occur.