Lung cancer occurs when lung cells leave their natural reproductive habits and multiply uncontrollably. Cells that multiply uncontrollably become tumors over time. Lung cancer patients are treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery.
The most effective treatment method in lung cancer is surgical removal of the tumor from the lung. If the cancer is not advanced and discovered early, the success rate of the surgery is quite high. Because the longer the tumor has spent in the patient's body, the higher the chance of the cancer spreading to the surrounding tissues, brain, liver and bone.
In lung cancer surgery, the entire tumor must be removed without leaving any cancer cells behind. For this reason, first of all, a number of examinations are performed on the patient and it is checked whether he is suitable for surgery. If surgery is not sufficient to completely remove the tumor, the patient is treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
How is Lung Cancer Surgery Operated?
Lung cancer surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The tumor is removed by manual surgery or robotic surgery. Some patients need to remove a part of their lungs or some of the surrounding tissues. The extent to which the lung and surrounding tissues will be affected is related to the location and size of the tumor.
If the tumor is attached to areas such as the diaphragm, trachea, chest wall around the lung, a piece of these tissues may also need to be removed during surgery.
Lobectomy: There are 5 different lobes in the lung organ, three on the right and two on the left. In lung cancer surgery, one of these parts may need to be removed.
Pneumonectomy: Removal of right or left lung pieces. This surgery is performed if the cancer reaches advanced dimensions.