What is Myoma?

Fibroids are the most common benign tumors in the uterus. It is most common in women between the ages of 30-40. Although it is generally thought to be related to the hormone estrogen, it originates from the muscle layer of the uterus.


It is not possible to prevent the formation of fibroids, also called fibroids and leiomyomas. It mostly causes symptoms in the patient, but in some cases it can cause symptoms. Fibroids are usually 1 to 15 cm in size and are pink, round-shaped formations. It can occur both in the uterus and in the cervix.


Causes of Myoma 

Fibroids are abnormal proliferation of smooth muscle seen in the uterus. Although the reasons for its formation are not known exactly, it is estimated that it is caused by hormonal changes during the fertility period and that the hormone estrogen accelerates fibroid growth.

In addition, other causes that increase the risk of fibroids are:


Genetic predisposition: If there is a family history of fibroids, it may occur in the person.

Pregnancy: The increase in estrogen and progesterone hormones during this period may trigger the formation of uterine fibroids.

Race: Myomas are more common in black women. For this reason, it is estimated that the risk of fibroid formation is higher in them.

Other factors: Birth control pill, vitamin D deficiency, obesity, malnutrition, smoking and alcohol, air pollution


Symptoms of Myoma

Fibroids usually do not show any symptoms. However, some patients may experience the following symptoms:

  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Indigestion
  • Gas complaints and constipation
  • Irregular period
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation