Medical Oncology(LIAC) covers not only the treatment of cancer patients, but also cancer prevention, cancer screening and early diagnosis applications.
What is Medical Oncology?
Medical oncology could be a branch of science that covers not only the treatment of cancer patients, but also cancer prevention, screening and early diagnosis. So, every stage of cancer concerns medical oncology. Additionally, cooperation is formed with various fields like surgery or radiology within the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, and therefore the approach to the patient is planned in an exceedingly multidisciplinary manner in line with scientific data.
How is that the Treatment?
Treatment takes place within the style of intravenous or oral drug administration. However, this practice varies per sort of cancer. Treatment planning; It varies in keeping with the cell variety of the cancer, the organ where it started, and therefore the area where it's spread. Treatment is adjuvant to scale back the danger of recurrence of the disease, neoadjuvant to form the mass suitable for operation or to shield the organ, and palliatively to prolong life and improve quality of life in advanced disease. The treatment will be done alone or together.
LIAC Diagnosis and Treatment Methods
Common applications within the diagnosis and treatment processes in our medical oncology departments are as follows:
Chemotherapy could be a chemical treatment method accustomed to killing fast-growing cells within the body. Since cancer cells multiply much faster than other cells within the body, chemotherapy is employed for the treatment of cancer diseases. Chemotherapy drugs contain many chemicals and there are many drugs produced for various forms of cancer. looking at the kind and level of cancer disease, different chemotherapy drugs are often used together. Although it's the foremost effective method that scientists have found for cancer treatment, the side effects of chemotherapy are quite severe for the build. Side effects like nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite are the mildest. Serious side effects may be listed as hair loss, mouth sores, easy bruising, fever and similar diseases.
Immunotherapy is one among the categories of cancer treatment, but it's not as common as chemotherapy and other surgical treatments. Unlike chemotherapy, it aims to extend the body's defense against cancer with biological support rather than using chemical drugs. So as to strengthen the system, drugs developed within the laboratory are used. Medicines help prevent the expansion of cancer cells by supporting the system and stop the progression of cancer by preventing cancerous cells from spreading to other parts of the body. Immunotherapy sometimes acts on beneficial cells instead of cancer cells. In such cases, side effects of treatment occur.
Pain Management (Algology)
Algology treatments are wont to support the treatment of cancer patients, no matter whether the pain is chronic or the cause can not be found. Although the foremost common treatment is medication, therapy or perhaps acupuncture is also acceptable. all kinds of treatment are often used together in chronic pain. Medication is employed to treat inflammatory pain and muscle pain. Creams, lotions and sprays applied to the aching area also are effective treatment methods. In severe pain, the doctor may recommend drugs like muscle relaxants, anti-anxiety drugs, diazepam and antidepressants. the amount of medication employed in common joint pain is proscribed. Therefore, cancer-related joint pain is one in all the foremost difficult sorts of pain to treat.
The aim of symptomatic treatment is to eliminate the signs and symptoms of the disease without completely treating the disease. Although the main purpose of this treatment is for the comfort of the patient, it also prevents the symptoms from causing other diseases. Since there are many side effects in cancer, the symptoms that occur also are quite high.
Symptomatic treatment is applied so the patient can better address the symptoms resulting from cancer treatment. Since there's no direct treatment for diseases like bird flu and grippe, symptomatic treatment is usually employed in the treatment of such diseases. Pain within the body can occur as a result of an illness. However, it's aimed to treat the symptom caused by the disease, not the disease, by using painkillers.