What are Hemorrhoids? How to Treat Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoid disease is a breech disease that occurs in the region called the anal region, located at the exit of the large intestine. It occurs when the veins in the breech area swell and become breasts as a result of some factors. Hemorrhoids, which can also be defined as varicose veins, are usually seen due to increased pressure in the anus.


What are the types of hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are enlarged veins located at the bottom of the rectum and anus, at the end of the anal canal. The walls of these blood vessels are sometimes stretched so wide that they become irritated by swelling even more.


As a result of this swelling and irritation, they go out of the anus. This condition is also known as hemorrhoids or mayasil among the people. Hemorrhoids are divided into internal and external hemorrhoids and are measured in four different degrees according to their symptoms.


What are Internal Hemorrhoids?

Internal hemorrhoids are in a point in the breech that is too deep to be seen or felt. They usually do not cause pain or suffering due to the small number of pain-sensing nerves in their area.


Blood in the stool, toilet bowl or toilet paper is the most obvious sign. Apart from this, it is possible to see hemorrhoids as moist bumps that are more pink in color than the surrounding tissue.


These are called prolapsed hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids may retract on their own or they may be softly pressed in.


What are External Hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids are just under the skin on the outer wall of the anus. Since there are more pain-sensing nerves here, the symptoms of external hemorrhoids include pain, bleeding, itching and swelling.


What is Hemorrhoid Thrombosis?

In some cases of hemorrhoids, the hemorrhoid may turn purple or blue due to a blood clot. This is called thrombosis. This can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. When the clot dissolves, a piece of skin may remain and this piece may become irritated.

Hemorrhoid Treatment Methods

It is important that the hemorrhoid disease is carried out by a specialist physician, taking into account the dimensions of the disease. Relief can be achieved with treatment methods such as a diet program that can be easily recommended to the person, a warm water sitz bath and medications or creams given in the presence of a doctor in hemorrhoids noticed at the 1st degree.


However, it should be known that methods such as drugs and creams give a temporary soothing effect to the person. When these treatment methods, which block the symptoms of the disease, are discontinued, the pain recurs, especially in advanced stage hemorrhoids, and the dimensions of the disease progress. The effects of these methods, which are used according to the stage of the disease, also decrease.


Today, operative and non-surgical treatment options are available in the treatment of hemorrhoids. In the classical surgical operation under general anesthesia, called hemorrhoid surgery, the hemorrhoid breasts located in the breech are cut and removed. Then, the tissues of the area where the cutting is done are stitched. In this method, which has a high level of pain and pain, the person is put to sleep by giving narcosis. In the surgery, healthy tissues are also damaged due to the incision and suture application. After this surgery, which requires hospitalization, it takes a minimum of 20 days for the patient to recover from the surgical wounds and return to his daily life. Since it is often difficult to keep the wound clean, the patient often needs dressings. Since there is a risk of infection of the wounds, hemorrhoid patients seek different methods.

The non-surgical hemorrhoid treatment method that we apply in our center provides a great advantage to people at this point. You can have your hemorrhoids treated on an outpatient basis, without the need for hospitalization, by our specialist physicians in the field of proctology and our experienced healthcare team, just like having a dental filling. In the non-surgical treatment of hemorrhoids performed under local anesthesia, no incisions or stitches are applied. It is performed in a short time and there is no risk of infection in the area since there is no tissue damage like surgery. In this way, recovery is achieved in a short time.