Crohn's Disease and Treatment
Crohn's disease is one of the diseases related to the digestive system that causes serious problems and affects the quality of life in the most negative way. Although it can be seen in all parts of the digestive system from the mouth to the anus, this disease, which is seen at a rate of approximately two thousandths among humans, usually manifests itself in the parts of the small intestine near the end. Although the cause of the disease is not known exactly, it is suggested by the scientific world that genetic factors and environmental factors are effective in the emergence of the disease. Crohn's disease, which causes quite serious effects, does not fully heal throughout life and often requires surgical interventions. At the same time, the effects of the disease may pave the way for the formation of many other diseases.
What is Crohn's Disease?
The digestive system is a system that starts from the mouth and continues to the anus. Crohn's Disease, which is often seen in the last part of the small intestine part of this system; It is a serious disease of unknown cause that does not heal completely and requires surgical intervention. Although Crohn's disease is usually seen in the small and large intestines, the discomfort can be effective in the digestive system from the mouth to the anus. The discomfort it causes can vary from person to person. In some patients, it can reach life-threatening dimensions. In Crohn's disease, there is no wound in the intestines.
What Are the Symptoms of Crohn's Disease?
- Abdominal pains
- Intestinal blockages
- Anorexia and weight loss
- Feeling that the bowels are still full after using the toilet
- Frequent toileting is one of the early symptoms of Crohn's disease.
In Crohn's disease that cannot be treated in the early stages, the symptoms may become even more severe.
- Pain around the anus and anal fistula
- Ulcer in the area from the mouth to the anus
- Joint and skin inflammation
Symptoms such as shortness of breath due to anemia may occur later in the disease.
Growth-development retardation in children may be signs of Crohn's disease. Extra-intestinal diseases are also observed in a quarter of Crohn's patients. These mostly occur in the skin, joints, eyes, liver and biliary tract, kidney and urinary tract, vascular heart and lungs.
What are the Treatments for Crohn's Disease?
Crohn's disease is a persistent disease that can never be fully cured. Affected individuals go through periods during which Chron's disease flares up and stagnates. Although the disease cannot be prevented, it is possible to minimize the symptoms caused by various drug treatments and medical nutrition therapy, especially during exacerbations. Apart from that, approximately 50% - 70% of Crohn's disease needs surgical intervention at least once in their lifetime. Surgical intervention is preferred, especially in patients who do not respond to drug therapy.
Individuals with Chron should act within the framework of a special nutrition plan throughout their lives. Since foods with high fiber content trigger the disease, they should be consumed as little as possible and should be excluded from the diet, especially during active (exacerbation) periods. During periods when individuals have diarrhea or constipation problems, the diet for Crohn's disease should be adjusted accordingly. In addition, during the active periods of the disease, individuals should avoid doing heavy sports and movements that require physical strength, and rest as much as possible. As a result, the problems caused by the disease can be minimized by paying due attention to the treatments performed in the presence of a doctor and dietitian in individuals with Crohn's disease, thus increasing the quality of life to a great extent.