What is Hodgkin Lymphoma?
The immune system protects us against infections and other diseases. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system.
lymphatic system; consists of lymph vessels, lymph, lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus and spleen. Cell changes that occur in these regions that make up the lymph system are called Hodgkin lymphoma.
Hedgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that directly affects the immune system. Hodkgin lymphoma cells (reed-strenbeg cells) are cells that reproduce uncontrollably and turn into tumors over time.
These tumors cause the immune system to collapse and the body to be vulnerable.
Hodgkin Lymphoma Symptoms and Causes
Although the risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma are known, the exact cause is unknown. Listed below are the risk factors for hodgkin lymphoma:
Some viruses: Viruses such as Epstein Barr virus, HIV can cause Hodgkin lymphoma. While these viruses are contagious, hodgkin lymphoma is not.
Weak immunity: Weak immunity due to hereditary reasons or drugs used after organ transplantation increases the risk of lymphoma.
Family history:The presence of Hodgkin lymphoma in family members also increases the risk ratio of the person.
Symptoms of Hodgkin Lymphoma Include:
- Weak immune system
- Weight loss
- Frequent fever
- Intense sweating
- Lymph nodes in soft tissue areas
- Loss of body strength
- Difficulty breathin
Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment
Hodgkin lymphoma is usually treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy. However, there is a possibility of recurrence of the disease. In repeated treatments, the dose of radiation and chemotherapy is increased. Stem cell transplantation may also be required due to the damage to the patient from the overdose.