What is Ewing Sarcoma?
Ewing sarcoma is a solid tumor, that is, malignant tumors that develop directly in the cells that form inside the bones. Rarely, they occur in fat, connective, muscle and nerve tissues called soft tissue.
Ewing's sarcoma is a rare tumor. The incidence of the disease is about 3 people in 1 million people. It is known that patients with Ewing's sarcoma usually get the disease between the ages of 10-20. However, it is a disease that can occur in any age group and in newborns. The gender distribution of the disease is also equal.
What Causes Ewing Sarcoma?
The reasons for the formation of Ewing's syndrome could not be determined. In the history of patients up to now, external factors such as radiotherapy and hereditary factors have been found. Tumor cells with Ewing's sarcoma are cells with chromosomal changes. Changes in the 22nd chromosome pair play an important role in Ewing's sarcoma. This gene changing is not passed on from generation to generation.
Symptoms of Ewing Sarcoma
- The most common complaint in patients with Ewing's sarcoma is swelling and redness in the tumor areas.
- Irregular pains are also seen in the patients.
- As the tumor grows, palpable or noticeable nodules occur.
- If Ewing sarcoma is on the spinal cord, it can cause paralysis.
- Patients usually have fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight loss.
Ewing Sarcoma Treatment
Ewing's sarcoma is a type of cancer and the disease is cured by the general treatment methods of cancer therapy Treatment usually begins with chemotherapy and continues with surgery and radiotherapy.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is preferred to weaken cancer cells and to stop the growth of tumors and shrink them. Two or more drugs may be used.
Surgery: It is the surgical removal of the tumor. Removal of a small part of the bone or the entire limb may be necessary. How much the bone is damaged depends on the location of the tumor and the effects of chemotherapy.
Radiation: X-rays are used to kill cancer cells. Tumors are targeted by high-tech devices and irradiated from every angle. Radiation therapy can be used for tumors that remain after surgery or for tumors where surgery is not possible.