Liver Cancer Surgery

Liver Cancer Surgery


Liver cancer patients can be treated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery. In surgical treatment, the tumor or tumor part is removed from the patient's body. Surgery is generally considered the most successful option in the treatment of liver cancer. Despite this, most patients need to receive radiotherapy and chemotherapy in addition to surgery.


Who Can Have Liver Cancer Surgery?

Liver cancer surgery is not for everyone with liver cancer. The patient must meet the following conditions:

  • Cancer stage should be at the initial levels.
  • The cancer must not have spread to other parts of the body.
  • The liver must be in good enough condition for the person's body after the surgery.
  • Diseases such as cirrhosis should not be.


How is Liver Cancer Surgery Performed?

Liver surgery is divided into control, preparation, surgery and recovery phases.

Control: The patient is examined. The condition of the tumor, the possibility of spreading, liver health, blood values ​​are examined. It is decided whether it is suitable for surgery.

It is determined whether the tumor can be removed with an MRI device or CT from the vascular access.

Preparation: If the patient is found suitable for surgery, the preparation phase is started. If necessary, drug therapy can be applied. At this stage, the patient's readiness for surgery is checked again.

Surgery: Partial hepatectomy is performed. In this procedure, a part of the patient's liver, that is, the tumor part, is removed.


Postoperative Complications

People who have liver cancer surgery may experience the following complications:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood coagulation
  • Inflammation in the lung
  • Complications from anesthesia
  • Infection


In order for the complications to decrease or not, the patient should stay under the control of the doctor and take medication. After liver cancer surgery, the patient stays under observation in the hospital for a few days. When the risk of complications decreases, the patient can return home.